Ramadan (The Blessed Month)
Every year in the month of Ramadan, all Muslims fast from first light until sundown, abstaining from food, drink, and sexual relations. Those who are sick, elderly, or on a journey, and women who are pregnant or nursing are permitted to break the fast and make up an equal number of days later in the year. If they are physically unable to do this, they must feed a needy person for every day missed. Children begin to fast (and to observe the prayer) from puberty, although many start earlier.
Although the fast is most beneficial to the health, it is regarded principally as a method of self purification. By cutting oneself off from worldly comforts, even for a short time, a fasting person gains true sympathy with those who go hungry as well as growth in one's spiritual life.
Duas for Ramadan
One of the reasons most of us are excited about Ramadan is because it is in this beautiful month that we are hoping to get our duas accepted. And honestly truth be told not a single one of us is not in need of a dua being answered.
It was narrated that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam - صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:
"Dua (supplication) is worship"
Dua for Keeping the Fast at Suhoor - (sehri) - When beginning the fast
Wa bisawmi ghadinn nawaiytu min shahri ramadan
I intend to keep the fast for tomorrow in the month of Ramadan
ميں رمضان کے کل کے روزے کی نيت کرتا ہوں۔
Dua for Iftar - When breaking the fast
Allah humma inni laka samtu wa bika amantu wa alaika tawakkaltu wa 'ala rizkika aftarto
O Allah! I fasted for You and I believe in You [and I put my trust in You] and I break my fast with Your sustenance.
اے لله ميں نے تیرے ليے روزہ رکها اور تجھ پر ايمان لايا اور تجھ پر بھروسہ کيا اور تيرے عطا کيے ہوے رزق پر روزہ افطار کيا۔
["wa 'alayka tawakkaltu" is quoted in some books of knowledge - but not all, hence it is in brackets]